This has been very disheartening since it not only causes great havoc in the wildlife species but also it can lead to extinction of some species. God Forbid, it does not happen. Even small oil spills can severely affect marine wildlife. Oil affects wildlife by coating their bodies with a thick layer. Many oils also become stickier over time (this is called weathering) and so adheres to wildlife even more. Since most oil floats o nthe surface of the water it can effect many marine animals and sea birds. Unfortunately, birds and marine mammals will not necessarily avoid an oil spill. Some marine mammals, such as seals and dolphins, have been seen swimming and feeding in or near an oil spill. Some fish are attracted to oil because it looks like floating food. This endangers sea birds, which are attracted to schools of fish and may dive through oil slicks to get to the fish. The impact of an oil spill on wildlife is also affected by where spilled oil reaches.
Different resources will be needed to combat an oil spill, depending on the number and type of wildlife that is affected. Quick and humane care of wildlife affected by oil spills is required by law.
We must take steps to prevent the wildlife species to be endangered. This can be done mainly by acting on some measures to restrict the spilled oil to be spread into the river bodies.