Yes and no; the issue is that steel pellets can deform older barrel steel (not just Browning's), but more open chokes (plus modern wads and shell components) are forgiving enough to often not show physical deformity. In other words, there's enough room so that it doesn't matter that the steel pellets aren't yielding to the barrel metal. With more muzzle constriction, the steel pellets push against the barrel trying to get out, and you end up with ring bulges at the end of the barrel. Most consider the bulges entirely cosmetic by the way.
I would assume that as shot size goes up, the problem is exacerbated. I don't think it's necessarily that Browning was a bit tighter, as there isn't a threshold constriction where it happens. I've seen an English sidelock with the equivalent of improved cylinder constriction bulge from steel shot.
I know guys with open chokes in old Browning Supers that routinely shoot steel, and you'd be hard pressed to show signs of damage. That being said, would I run steel through a beautiful old Browning Diana even if it had skeet chokes? Probably not.