You going to need at least a masters... As far as wildlife biology, Only 1 chemistry class for me, and college algebra...
Wildlife biology is the study of wildlife, their environment and implementary techniques to preserve them. Someone who does this job is called a wildlife biologist. There are many reasons why one may choose to pursue this profession. Some of those reasons may be but are not limited to, the nature of the work, pay rate, job duties, education, and history of the career. Wildlife biology is indeed a complex and demanding career and only for those who wish to excel.
Wildlife biology all started in the late 1930’s, 1937 to be exact. A group of volunteers, whom called themselves Ducks Unlimited, are credited with creating it. Before Ducks Unlimited, there was gentleman by the name of James Ford Bell, founder of the General Mills Company and shortly after, Ducks Unlimited. Bell had developed the idea of wildlife conservation and management. The United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) was formed in 1940, with state agencies arising from the United States Fish and Wildlife Service sometime later in the decade. Today, federal and state governments employ the majority of wildlife biologist in the United States, with the exception of the aforementioned. The majority of the small conservation and biological organizations lack the funding to hire, promote and to supervise large groups of wildlife biologists on vast breakthrough projects as does government agencies.
“Approximately thirty-nine percent of Biological Scientist are employed for government agencies on the local, State and federal stage. Federal Biologists largely work for the departments of Agriculture, Defense, Interior, and Nation Institute of health. The remainder of that thirty-nine percent of the labor force is employed for laboratories doing research and test work. The pharmaceutical, medicine manufacturing industry, colleges and universities make up the rest of that proportion.” (Bureau) As a result a biologist with a degree in wildlife management will find that his/her career will most likely be spent working for government agencies such as the United States Fish and Wildlife Service or state agencies such as the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission (AGFC), both of which own and manage vast amounts of land for wildlife to reside.
The minimum education required for most careers in wildlife management is the Bachelors of Science degree, or the wildlife management degree itself. A variety of jobs exist for wildlife biologists, but many more people seek this career than there are jobs available (i.e., this career path, like others in natural resources, is quite competitive). For this reason, a masters degree is generally considered the entry level degree for professional wildlife biologists, therefore a masters degree or higher is preferred by most employers and will give the individual the most opportunity for advancement. Some of the education courses involved include but not limited to,
“ . . . Botany, silviculture, flora, Ecology, and Ichthyology” (Kondratieff, Boris C. and Baumann) among others. Many colleges require students to complete a field session operated by the college or state federal or private industry. All schools encourage students to take summer jobs that provide experience in the related field.
Botany is the study of plants, such as algae, fungi, lichens, mosses, ferns, conifers and flowering plants. Silviculture is controlling the establishment, composition, and growth of the vegetation of forest stands. The study of Ecology is how organisms interact with each other and their physical environment. Flora is the plants and type of plants that grow in a particular region, such as northwest Arkansas or south Florida. Ichthyology is simply the study of fish. As previously stated many positions in the fish and wildlife conservation field, especially the more challenging ones, require education beyond the bachelor degree level.
Some of the Biological job duties include tasks such as monitoring wildlife population and habitats, vertebrate, plant ecology along with conservation and management activities. Monitoring populations are carried out by aerial surveys, and hunter interaction. The conservation aspect is done through adaptive research and field studies of the environment.
Babco states that:
Some biologists will monitor wildlife populations and habitats. These scientists look for the distribution, size, sex, and age of wildlife. They may determine habitat quality and study the effects of weather, disease, habitat alteration, and animals (including humans) on wildlife populations.
On the other hand Wagner says:
A wildlife biologist conducts programs in conservation and management of wildlife populations and their habitats. Most positions are in state or federal governments and academia. The work is usually done for a national park, forest commissions, refuges, or other federal land. Wildlife biologists may specialize in wildlife management, wildlife law enforcement, environmental education, natural resources management, environmental biology, conservation biology, or research.
Biology consists of many different specializations, but they all pertain to each other in one context. Wildlife biology is based on the study and conservation of wildlife. Career opportunities differ significantly for biological sciences, which include a broad assortment of disciplines. The extent is evidenced with over eighty societies and groups, which are part of the American Institute of Biological Sciences, on behalf of a collective association in excess of 250,000 scientists and educators.
Earnings vary widely from state to state and with education and years of experience. Salaries for positions in government are generally higher than those paid to educators or those employed in private agencies, but wildlife biologists in administrative positions in the private sector may earn more than government agencies. Starting income for a position with the federal government is $25,000 a year with a bachelor's degree, $32,000 a year with a master's degree, and $37,000 a year with a Ph.D. In the state government, positions usually range from $22,000 to $29,000 a year. Assistant professors begin at $38,000 a year. The average income for wildlife biologists is $44,500 a year in the federal government, $40,500 a year for state governments, and $52,000 a year for associate professors. Top earnings are $65,000-$85,000 a year in government and academic teaching.
According to Ruth Ann Chapman of the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission. “The starting salary for a wildlife biologist is around $30,000, but there is lots of opportunity for advancement from a starting biologist to the highest position.” The Arkansas Game and Fish Commission has several levels of biologists and field staff. For example, Biologist I, Biologist II, Private lands biologist, and field manager, among others are different levels of biologists.
The biologist conduct’s surveys and analyzes the data collected. A Biologist II acts as a supervisor over lower level staff, creates working schedule and does hands on studying of animals. A biologist II also informs state and local government of legal changes needed. Private lands biologists contacts private landowners, evaluates the land and recognizes its need then writes a management plan for the landowner. A field manger oversees vast area of state owned land such as wildlife management areas. This person acts as a leader, conducting maintenance directing other personal to tasks, and establishes relationships with other landowners and persons using the area for recreation.
“Biological scientists can expect to face competition for jobs. After a recent period of rapid expansion in research funding, moderate growth in research grants should drive average employment growth over the next decade. Biological scientists should expect higher than average job security during recessions. In 2006 there where 20,000 zoologists and wildlife biologist. A nine percent increase is expected in this career field through the next decade, which is about average for all careers.” (Bureau of labor)
Here are some example courses required.
Dendrology Laboratory I
General Botany Laboratory
english comp I&II
Historys, Speech ETC
Introduction to Wildlife Conservation
Forest Soils Laboratory
General Zoology Laboratory
Biometrics in Natural Resouces
Human Dimensions in Natural Resources
Wildlife Techniques I
Introduction to GIS, GPS, and Remote Sensing
Wildlife Techniques II
Natural Resource PolicyI
ntegrated Resource Planning & Management
Forest Pest Management
Get the point? lol lots of science..
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