Info on Eastern Coyote
EASTERN COYOTE (Canis latrans)
15 years (captive)
Activity Pattern nocturnal, year round
Coyotes are members of the dog family. They are usually tawny gray with a black swath along the middle of the back from shoulder to tail. Blond, red, and black colour variations are also found in Nova Scotia. Adult females average 13 kg and adult males average 16 kg. They are agile, usually travel with the tail low, can bound up to 5 m, and have maximum speeds of 55 km/h.
Historically a plains animal, the coyote expanded its range east and was first recorded in Nova Scotia in 1977. Eastern coyotes are now widespread across the province and even reached Newfoundland in 1987. During this period of range expansion, the eastern coyote gradually became a larger animal with coarser fur than the western form. Coyotes inhabit a wide range of habitats, from wooded areas to farmland, and even residential areas.
Coyotes are largely nocturnal, preferring to hunt either after dark or at dawn and dusk. In Nova Scotia, their main prey are snowshoe hares and white-tailed deer. Meat is obtained from capture of live prey or by eating dead animals. However, they are adaptable omnivores and consume insects, blueberries, apples, small mammals, and a variety of other items.
The basic social unit consists of a mated pair and their pups.
Coyotes may mate for life and defend their territory from other breeders. Both parents care for the young on a territory that averages 35 km2 to 40 km2. Coyotes often hunt in small packs of two to six individuals, especially in winter. They are suspicious of humans and avoid contact. Their howling calls are heard more often than they are seen.
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