Beginner bows are not hard to come by.
1.) bows NOT for beginners:
avoid bows with any extremes. such as real fast IBO, or any strange size variations. Be careful about PSE, Bowtech, Elite.
2.) Good Beginner Bows:
Good beginner bows usually fall in an average spec range. such as IBO around 300 - 320. or 31 - 40" axle/axle. These bows will usually be Mathews, Parker, Diamond, Bear, Browning.
you can go with binary or single cams. they are exactly what they sound like. single cams tend to be more "user friendly" but the binary cams are faster and are said to be more accurate. most good beginner bows will be single cams.
sights are sights, no sight neccesarily is better than any other. all have set pins to aim with. the differences come into play with how "user friendly" they are. (ease of adjustments/style). you want to go with fiber optics. they work well in low light conditions. go with .019 pins. theyre perfect. also, go ahead and get 5 pins on that sight. you may not use all of them at first, but it wont be long and you'll be shooting 50 yds.
rest are all very different. most bows come with a whisper bisket. this is a good rest for a beginner. however, i would reccomend you getting a drop-away style rest. they are a little more accurate and a WB can mess up fletching. a drop-away just works smoother. now this is not the only types. there are many stationary rest. all will work fine, but i prefer a good drop-away like trophy ridge, trophy taker, rip cord, limb driver.
theres a guy i shoot with that says, "factory strings are on the bow to hold it together until you get after market strings." i was a nonbeliever until i got a set. it does make a difference.
on a hunting bow a good set of noise/vibration dampeners is a good idea. it will shoot smoother and more quiet. (major difference.
most people underestimate a good stabilizer. depending on balance of the bow. a 7 - 12" stabilizer will improve consistency in your shot.
if you use one, a good release is important. get one that can be adjusted. some guys are good finger shooters, but you dont see too many pros using fingers. theres a reason for that.
this is where everbody disagrees. but i like an arrow weight somewhere around 400 grains pulling 60 - 70# for hunting. i personally would not hunt with an arrow under 350 grains. you need to do a little research, arrows are VERY important. when youre ready just ask and i'll give you the ol' "kenitic energy" talk.
set up an account on Archerytalk.com, you can learn a lot and get great deals. its like Ebay for archery.
also, keep an eye out in your local classifieds. nothing wrong with a used bow, plus you can get a better bow for a cheaper price.
archery is an ever changing technology, im always buying and selling. your gonna want better and better stuff.
most important part of archery:
stance/ grip/ anchor point....get a book or video too see proper techniques. or you can ask. if you dont have these right you will not be accurate or have consistantcy.
archery is like duck hunting, once you do it your hooked. you will spend money, but you will love it!