Ten Reasons to Buy Federal Duck Stamps and Junior Duck Stamps
1. There are 552 national wildlife refuges in the United States.
Each is managed as a protected haven for birds and other
wildlife. Since 1934, large proportion of the funds used to
acquire these critical habitats in the lower 48 states was
provided through sales of Migratory Bird Hunting and
Conservation Stamps – commonly called “Duck Stamps.”
All outdoor recreationists who enjoy wildlife and natural
landscapes can thank those who have already purchased stamps over the decades,
for they have helped protect more than 5.3 million acres of habitat for wildlife and
for future generations of people.
2. The Federal Duck Stamp costs only $15 and it’s easy for everyone to buy – many
Post Offices, national wildlife refuges and sporting good stores carry them, as well as
some discount stores, and they are also available online athttp://www.duckstamps.com
. Even better, Duck Stamps are extremely costeffective:
fully 98 cents out of every dollar ($14.70) goes directly to acquire land for
the Refuge System. This $15 purchase is perhaps the single simplest thing one can
do to support a legacy of wetland and grassland conservation for birds. The Junior
Duck Stamp, which costs $5, raises money for environmental education programs
that nurture future conservationists.
3. The funds not only go to refuges. Since 1958, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has
used a portion of the Federal Duck Stamp revenues to acquire wetland and
grassland habitats in the Prairie Pothole Region of the upper Midwest and northern
Great Plains. Through its Small Wetlands Acquisition Program, the Service has
perpetually protected and conserved nearly 3 million acres of wetland and
grassland habitat for prairie wildlife for Waterfowl Production Areas or WPAs. Part
of the National Wildlife Refuge System, WPAs provide important benefits to
migratory bird species, other wildlife, water quality, aquifer replenishment and the
4. The purchase of a Federal Duck Stamp is not something that will just benefit ducks.
Among scores of other bird species, numerous kinds of shorebirds, long‐legged
waders, and wetland and grassland songbirds are dependent on habitat derived
from Duck Stamp purchases.
5. You can say the same about that status of other wildlife – not only birds – and water
quality as benefiting from the use of the Stamp. Reptiles, amphibians, fish,
butterflies, all flourish through Federal Duck Stamp investments. Water quality is
6. Some of the most diverse and wildlife‐rich refuges in the nation have been acquired
with Duck Stamp funds. Following are some refuges that were acquired largely with
Federal Duck Stamp revenue (and the percentage paid for by Duck Stamp
Sacramento in California 99.6%
Parker River in Massachusetts 99.3%
Bosque del Apache in New Mexico 99.2%
Pea Island in North Carolina 99.2%
Quivira in Kansas 99.1%
Horicon in Wisconsin 98.7%
Muscatatuk in Indiana 98.9%
Monomoy in Massachusetts 97.8%
Bombay Hook in Delaware 95.1%
Santa Ana in Texas 94.9%
DeSoto in Iowa and Nebraska 90.8%
Okefenokee in Georgia 88.2%
Anahuac in Texas 87.5%
Ottawa in Ohio 86.4%
Laguna Atascosa in Texas 86.0%
Edwin B. Forsythe in New Jersey 84.3%
Blackwater in Maryland 77.6%
7. A Federal Duck Stamp is a “free pass” for an entire
year – for a vehicle full of people ‐‐ at all national
wildlife refuges that charge for admission – a real
bargain if ever there was one.
8. The Junior Duck Stamp is the only program in the
Fish and Wildlife Service with the specific goal of
reaching our young people with messages about wetlands and natural resource
conservation. The purchase of a $5 Junior Duck Stamp supports growing this
program and reaching even more young people.
9. The Junior Duck Stamp program connects children and nature by teaching children
the basic concepts of waterfowl and wildlife conservation and environmental
awareness in the simplest of terms.
10. The Federal Duck Stamp is probably the best‐kept secret in all of bird conservation.
Moreover, by buying and displaying a Duck Stamp you will show that you appreciate
what long‐term habitat protection for all birds and other wildlife is, and that you
[Adapted from “Top Ten Reasons to Buy a Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp”, compiled by Paul
Baicich and Ric Zarwell.]